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Over the past few years, Haryana has emerged as one of the three most progressive states of India with an impressive progression in the field of agriculture, business and economy. Although Sirsa has been named as one of the India's 250 most backward districts, the primary economy of this place depends on agriculture and a wide array of large and small-scale industries.
Industries in Sirsa
All the industries in Sirsa are small scale industries. These industries are engaged in the manufacturing of various items such as Seed Processing, Cotton textile, Jute & jute based product, Milk Chilling, Chemicals, Rice Shelling, Iron and Steel Fabrication, Wrapping Papers, Agriculture Implements, Leather based goods and products, Electrical machinery and transport equipment, Hard and Straw Board etc. Sirsa’s major exportable product is Shella rice, Cotton, Shella plant & Dryer plant. A 15% growth trend rate is anticipated here. The villagers are also involved in animal husbandry and the fisheries industry.
Large Scale Industries in Sirsa
M/s Ranger Foods Pvt. Ltd., Sirsa
M/s Sirsa Co-operative Milk Plant, Sirsa
M/s Jagdamba Paper Mill, Sirsa
Medium Scale Industries in Sirsa
M/s Namdhari Rice & General Mills,
M/s Saria Industry
M/s Aditya Agro Industry,
M/s HSF Food Pro. Tech
M/s Guranditta Mal Tilak Raj
M/s Bharat Rice Mills
Economy of Sirsa
The main resource of the district is agro products , and the primary occupation of the inhabitants of Sirsa is agriculture, owing to which it has gained the popular name ‘Cotton Belt of Haryana’. Following the two-crop system, crops like Bajra, Paddy and Cotton are sown in Kharif season, whereas crops like Barley, Wheat and Gram are grown in Rabi season.
Agriculture in Sirsa
Photo source: Wikipedia
Over eighty percent of the inhabitants of Sirsa are involved in agriculture. The seasonal Ghaggar river flows through central Sirsa, and the only source of irrigation is the Bhakra Canal. With a tropical climate and scanty rainfall, the residents of Sirsa follow a two crop system. Paddy, Cotton and Bajra crops are grown in Kharif whereas Wheat, Barley and Gram and Rape-mustard in Rabi season. Cotton and Rabi oilseeds are the two primary cash crops. The production of green and dry fodder in Sirsa is approximately is 20 Lakh and 10 Lakh Tonnes respectively.
The Agriculture Department is mainly responsible for the dissemination and distribution of the latest and updated technical details to the farming community. By spreading knowledge about technical know-how, the agricultural production can increase exponentially. The department is also responsible for the monitoring an correct utilization of ground water resources. Improved water management and soil conservation are also venues they are looking into. The department provides integrated pest management for the Cotton, Paddy, Gram and Bajra plants.
Animal Husbandry in Sirsa
Photo Source: The Hindu
The Animal Husbandry & Dairying Department of Haryana implements various programmes and schemes for the benefit of the villagers who are closely involved in the occupation of livestock rearing. In addition to being a primary tool of socio-economic importance and development for Sirsa, livestock is also a major tool of human health development.
Forests in Sirsa
The natural forest of Sirsa District is categorized as a Northern Tropical Thorn Forest. The
natural trees species available in this area are Jand (Prosopis cineraria), Shisham (Tali Dalbergiasisoo), Jaal (Salvadora oleoides), Beri (Zizyphus mauritiana), Reru (Acacia lucophloea), Neem (Azadirachta indica), Kair (Capparis decidua), Kikar (Babool) (Acacia nilotica), Pipal (Ficus religiora), Lasura (Cordia dichotoma), and many more.
The main species that have been planted additionally by the Haryana Forest Department are Bakain, Shisham, Kikar, Neem, Eucalyptus Hybrid, Siris, Acacia Tortilis (Israeli Kikar) etc. Most of the Shisam and Eucalyptus trees have been planted along the Bhakra canal. owing to their high moisture requirement. On the other hand, trees like Kikar a planted along the roads where the moisture level is relatively lower and biotic pressure (grazing and browsing by cattle) is very high.
Economic Importance of Forests in Sirsa
Shisham is one of the most valuable timber species of Haryana and Sirsa has the rare distinction to claim that it has the maximum number of Shisham trees in Haryana. Between 60s and 70s, the canals were laid. Shisham, plants were planted then and today these plants have grown into trees.